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14.04.2014. 11:49:50

19.03.2014. 10:45:54

Places to visit

THE OLD TOWN OF PERUŠIĆ – a medieval archeological site

Perušić is mentioned for the first time with its present name in 1487.
The name comes from the last name of the noble family Perušić, who probably moved to these parts after the fall of Bosnia, and it is assumed that  the princes of  Perušić  originate  from Dalmatia, where  even today there is  the town with the same name  called Perušić Benkovački.

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CAVING PARK GRABOVAČA

Grabovača holds priceless resources of underground Karst forms, ¼ of  the total number of preserved caving structures in Croatia.

It is a complex  of diversified and  rich calcite forms  of valuable  caving features on a very limited area of only 1,5 square kilometres. It consists of six caves and one pothole, three of which are on the list of protected national  geomorphological natural monuments: Samograd, Medina špilja ( bear's cave), Amidžina špilja, Velika Kozarica, Tabakuša and Slipica-Jama/Japaga.

 
The caving park „Grabovača“ is only 2,5 kilometres from the centre of Perušić and as a complex of clean nature offers a variety of experience and value in ecological, scientific,  aesthetic and educational sense.

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www.pp-grabovaca-hr

THE LIKA RIVER / swimming, boat /canoe rides, fishing

The Lika River is the longest  sinking  river in  Lika, 78 kilometres long, which makes it the second largest  sinking  river in Europe.  Having the approximate area of 1570 square kilometres, it springs at the foot  of Velebit in the southern part of Ličko polje at altitude of about 600 metres.

This river winds  toward its abyss Begovac, known in literature as Mark's abyss, 1725 metres in depth. The Lika River is abundant in fish stock, and so is  the storage lake Kruščica.  Together with capital  catfish and carps, thera are also pikes, chubs, rudds, white amurs, sun-fish, chitons...

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IN HOC SIGNO VINCES – IN THIS SIGN YOU SHALL WIN
CHURCH OF PROMINENCE of st.CROSS


On the adjoining hill next to the Tower, standing like the acropolis, is the parish church Prominence of st. Cross, built in the  place of an older medieval church and it is one of the most beautiful and most valuable sacral structures in Lika. It is a renovated medieval  gothic church  mixed with late-baroque  and  rococo styles.

The interior of the church is very impressive, there are nine altars and a total of 28 elements  of the interior which are on the national list of movable  cultural monuments.

The church is 42 metres long and the gold-plated cross on the church tower was transferred from the old Zagreb cathedral which burned down in the fire of 1863. What is special about this church is the fact that the Turks turned it into a mosque during their rule.

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FOLKLORE  COLLECTION


There is a folklore collection right in the centre of Perušić.  Since its beginnings HKUD (Croatian cultural club) Perušić  has been  the main and the basic promotor of culture and traditional customs, as well as the collector of national treasures. This so far collected national treasure,  and this is  not the end of it, is displayed in the Croatian peasant  home in Perušić, where you can see the first house  and a room.

It was the book „ The traditional life and culture of the village Ivčević Kosa in Lika“ by the late  author  prof.Marija Hećimović Seselja that lay the foundations and created a scientific basis  with its ethnological and  expert work, thus inspiring the members of HKUD Perušić to collect the original treasures of  the Lika region and in this way preserve the cultural and traditional heritage.

To visit this folklore collection contact the people who are also responsible for its existance, members of the HKUD Perušić, Anka Hodak and Blaž Žarak.
Contact numbers :  098/909-5532 or 091/445-3383

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KALUĐEROVAC –  the authentic rural village

Kaluđerovac is a village situated bellow the mountain Metlača  near  the Lika River, and  it is known for the potter's trade. During the  19th century, the peasants from Kaluđerovac made  pottery which they carried around Lika and Krbava and in that way provided for their families since there was  not enough farm land. Nowadays, nobody in Kaluđerovac makes pottery, but it is worthwhile to see this village because of its indigenous  rural building structure  that you can find in a historical village bellow the mountain Metlača in the old part of Kaluđerovac.

The friendliness of the 25 people who live in Kaluđerovac at the moment, while in 1843 there were more than 330 inhabitants, will surely get you to visit occasionaly  this picturesque village that gives off a smell  of history.

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KRUŠČICA

The  Kruščica  lake developed with the construction of the dam on the Lika River in 1971 for the  needs of the  hydro-power plant Senj. It is situated on the lower  part of  Lika River at the village Mlakva in Kosinj. The name Kruščica comes from the village that was flooded and the people were  moved out  to nearby places. During the summer months, when the water level is low, you can see tha foundations and the ruins of the church, houses,  farms and roads of the flooded village.

Kruščica can be visited from the direction of Kosinj, through the village Mlakva, on the footpath / hiking trail from the direction of the village Kaluđerovac, or go boating down the magnificent Lika canyon from the direction of Kaluđerovac. 

Kruščica is an oasis of peace and quiet, a place of authentic  beauty of nature and relief, and as such offers an unforgetable experience for every nature lover, chance visitor or fisherman who comes here in search of the „ fish of a lifetime“, and those lucky ones catch catfish  weighing over 90 kilos.

During your stay on the Kruščica lake and the Lika canyon you can frequently experience a close encounter with  an otter, a doe, a hind, a deer, a bear or a wolf.

THE KOSINJ VALLEY – Lascho de Kosin


The Kosinj subregion is in many ways an interesting, even unique area, that captures every chance traveler with its true beauty. The historical circumstances wanted it to remain  „ungrazed“ by industrialization and big roads. The valley is totally free from pollution , it is clean, glittering in its natural glow ; this is  nowadays  without any doubt  an unrevokable comparative privilege that not many places on the mainland can take pride in.
Lasco de Kosin, where the princes of Kosinj had their seat, is mentioned in the year of our Lord 1071, in the charter of the Croatian king Petar Krešimir IV.

This truly preserved and interesting natural environment  is ihabited by a great number of  plant and animal species; just to mention  the indigenous grape-vines, flax, cornelian cherry, minnow, otter, olm and many others. It should also be mentioned that the  Tsar  fir  in the mountainous  region Bovan is the biggest tree in Velebit and the biggest tree of the old continent, and that in the meanders  of the Lika river which winds through the fields to its chasm Begovac probably the greatest carps in Europe were caught.

The Kosinj valley is full of miraculously beautiful  caves, pot-holes and karst valley, numerous water- wells, pools, springs, and as one of the symbols of Kosinj imposed with its dominant stature the mountain-top Kalić ( 969 metres above sea-level), offering magnificent  view of Zavižan, Krasno, Ljubovo, Perušić and a large part of the Kosinj Valley. 


THE KOSINJ BRIDGE


The  monumental  Kosinj bridge , made of stone, is a seventy  metres long bridge over the Lika River, connecting the Upper and Lower Kosinj. It was designed in the 19th century by  the architect Milivoj Frković and it was built on the pattern of the old Croatian bridge  construction,  the technique  of „ stone wedging“. The bridge is also unique for its openings in the arches  whose function is the   disburdening  of  the water as it hits the bridge.

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THE INSCRIBED  STONE – KOSINJ

The  inscribed stone is a legal document from the  1st century which regulates the use of water between the two  Japod tribes, and which is located in the Lomska duliba at Northern Velebit by the  Begovača spring. An inscription was  engraved in the stone on the occasion of  concluding a peace  treaty between the Japod tribes Parentin and Ortoplina. In the treaty the Ortoplina tribe were granted free access to the Begovača spring,  500 steps long and one step  wide.

This interesting inscription in a solid rock, in the absolute mountain desolation,  can only mean  that in the Roman times  the herds of two Japod tribes were grazing in this part of Velebit, and  a dispute arose between the tribes over the  right to water the cattle on the  Begovača spring.  The Roman authorities obviously acted as mediators in this dispute and , after having made a satisfactory agreement for both parties, the inscription was engraved on the mentioned rock as a warning to anybody who would want to deny that agreement.

The Roman stone inscription confirms the fact that the officials of the  Roman districts knew Latin as well as the existing regulations and the laws of the Roman authorities.

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THE KOSINJ PRINTING HOUSE


It is assumed that it is the oldest printing house in the Slavic south.
The second Croatian Glagolitic incunabulum was printed in Kosinj in 1491. The first Croatian printing house, the operation site of which we are certain of,  was located in this town in Lika. We have come to this conclusion due to the fact that Lika in those days was the centre of Glagolitism and that it was  a wealthier place than it has been since the tragedy at Krbavsko polje. An impoverished place, like the one  that Lika became after 1493, could not print books at the time when it was quite an expensive task. Besides, the impoverished place, without a strong cultural circle that recognized the advantages of printing and without an economic  foothold, would not engage in such operations.

The  incunabulum printed in Kosinj is a Breviary according to the law of the Roman court. Many parts of this  incunabulum are missing, as well as  the colophon, and that is why the year of printing was determined  judging by  fact that the table of the  shifting holidays in the Breviary starts in 1492, therefore it is assumed that it came out a year before. It was also printed in two colours, red and black, and the pattern is  unknown. The only preserved copy of this incunabulum is kept in Venice, and a smaller fragment ( 6 parchments) was discovered in the Vatikan library.
Kosinj, as the symbol of Croatian culture, also  holds its place in the Gutenberg museum in Mainz, where on the map of the first printing houses proudly stands its name. This small village  in Lika, situated in the District of Perušić, was drawn in numerous  geographical maps in the 15th and 16th century. In the old maps of the Adriatic, of different European authors, especially Italian, Kosinj is mentioned 11 times. That is why we do not exaggerate by saying that Croatia became an important part of Europe and the civilized world thanks to Kosinj.

WHAT ARE INCUNABULUMS?!


All the books printed since the invention of the printing press, that is, from 1455 up to 1500, are gathered under the name of incunabulum. The  word  incunabulum comes from the Latin word incunabula, which means a cradle, a cot, therefore a beginning of something, and in printing terms it was first used by Bernard von Mallinckrodt in 1639.

Today we know of around 35-40 thousand copies of incunabulums printed in about 1100- 1200 printing houses.