CULTURE AND TRADITIONS

People from Perušić have always been careful to preserve the cultural heritage and to this day, it has been preserved through the custom of „ličko prelo“, and most of it is carried onto today`s generations by „HKUD“ Perušić which celebrates 70 years of action  in 2018.

„Ličko kolo“ is one of the most famous circle dances that are widely popular in Croatia. It is distinctive from other dances because it is danced silent, only with commands given by leading male dancer. „Ličko kolo“ along with other „silent dances“ from Dinaric area  is on UNESCO`s list of the intangible cultural heritage of mankind.

„Lička kapa“ is also known as a part of folk costume in Lika. Historians say that its predecessor  is a iapodic bronzed cap and since that time the cap has gone through many changes.

The legend of today´s „lička kapa“ comes from 1493. due to the battle on Krbava field in which many people from Lika lost their lives. Women who lost their husbands and suns desgined the cap which was the simbol of their sorrow. Red color symbolizes the bloodshed, straight top of the cap symoblizes battle on Krbava and black and red colors symoblize clash of the two armies, good and evil.

The coiled black spiral circles are a symbol of war, and long black silk tassels symbolize tears shed for the dead.

The most reliable records of folk costumes are found in the book „Tradicijski život i kultura ličkog sela „Ivčević Kosa“ by the author Marija Hećimović – Seselja.

The traditional folk costumes are made out of wool, as well as rest of the clothing of that climate given the fresh summers and cold winters. Women`s folk costume was consisted of a shirt that was sewn in two parts. The upper part of the clothing is knotted from the finer domestic canvas, and the lower part also called „wings“ is knotted from rough domestic canvas. The shirt is decorated with lace, „šling“ and „faldice“. „Kiklja“, sewn in two parts is dressed over the shirt. The upper part is called „bušt“ and is sewn from a thin woolen fabric in black or dark blue color. The lower part is also made out of woolen fabric, monochromatic, with stripes or cubes. The color of „kiklja“ depended on the marital status. In the past „zaslan“ was made by „kličanje“ technique and later it was replaced by „zaslan“ from purchased materials. They wore woolen socks, in black or white color with loafers on top of them. „Opanci“ were called „oputari“(earlier) and „kapičari“(later). In the winter time they wore „aljinci“ or „jankeli“ that were coats made out of finer material. The hair is clasped in braids that is attached to the head depending on the marital status. Also, old-fashioned head covers are called „glovežanj“ and „tumban“ that stopped being used before 1900. Men`s folk costume consists of so called „prisvlačilo“ which consists of a shirt and underwear sewn from domestic linen. The shirt is worn with a wide leather called „ćemer“ with a black waistcoat on top of it.

White socks are worn with loafers on top of them and „opanci“ like women`s shoewear were called „oputari“(earlier) and „kapičari“(later). „Lička kapa“ or a redcap is worn on the head. In the winter period, on top of the undershirt, you wear a white woolen or cotton knitted shirt with a black plush, waistcoat on top of the shirt and finally, black „ćurak“. On top of the underwear you wear woolen „brvenaci“ that are wider around the waist and tighter around the calves. An essential part of men`s and women`s costumes is the bag. Festive bags are made with „kličanje“ technique and are decorated with woolen „kitama“, tassels,